Document Type: Research Paper
Department of Chemical Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Shahrood Branch, Shahrood, Iran
Department o f Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr Branch, Islamshahr, Iran
Nowdays, iron nanoparticles due to their unique characteristics are used in all of sciences and technology. These nano particles due to their electrical, magnetic, optical and catalytic properties and having high area and activity that is promped by their small size and most importantly many scientists from the entire world are interested in their low cost production. In this project we used method of reduction in the liquid phase for synthesis of iron nano particles. Unlike synthesis so far has been done and they used different kinds of surfactants and capping or they used starch for stabilization, we used chelating agent diethylene triamine penta acetic acid (DTPA) for increasing the stability of iron nano particles for the first time in the world. Ammonium iron(II) sulfate were used for make iron nano particle and Sodium borohydride was used for reduction. This method not only was simple and cheap but also didn’t need special instruments. Also determining of structure, size, particles distribution and surface morphology of this nano particles we used the analysis of FT-IR, XRD and SEM that all of them showed the synthesis of zero valent iron nanoparticles, metallic iron, has been done correctly. The average of synthesis of zero valent iron nano particles is 18 nm and crystal structure of nano particles was designed by using vertical nano lab software. Finally, we studied opration Removal of Radioactive Uranium From groundwater by using iron nanoparticle.