Embedding of a 2D Graphene System in Non-Commutative Space

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran



The BFT approach is used to formulate the electronic states in graphene through a non-commutative space in the presence of a constant magnetic field B for the first time. In this regard, we introduce a second class of constrained system, which is not gauge symmetric but by applying BFT method and extending phase space, the second class constraints  converts  to the first class constraints so the system becomes a gauge symmetric.


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