High efficient Perovskite solar cells base on Niobium Doped TiO2 as a Buffer Layer

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Centre for Theoretical and Computational Molecular Science, Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, 4072, Australia

2 Chemistry Department, college of science, University of Raparin, Rania, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

3 Department of Physics, University of Sistan and Baluchestan , Zahedan, Iran.


Here, the effect of lightly Niobium doped TiO2 layer on the performance of perovskite solar cells has been studied by using solar cell capacitance simulator (SCAPS). N addition, the effects of Niobium concentration, buffer film thickness and operating temperature on the performance of the perovskite solar cell are investigated. For doping level of 3.0 mol% into the TiO2 layer, cell efficiency of 18.26% with Voc of 0.96 V, Jsc of 22.45 mA/ cm2 and FF of 84.25% has been achieved. Calculations show that thickness widening of Nb-doped TiO2 layer would decrease the efficiency and Voc of the cells. Increase in operating temperature from 300 k to 400 k would weaken the performance of the perovskite solar cell with both pure and Nb-doped TiO2 layers. However, the cell with Nb-doped TiO2 layer shows higher stability than the cell with pure TiO2 buffer at higher temperatures. The efficiency of the cell with pure and doped buffer layers decreased from 15.52% to 11.47% (with 26.09% reduction) and 18.26% to 14.07% (with 22.9% declination), respectively. Therefore, the cell with doped buffer layer shows better stability at higher operating temperatures