High Solid Contents Copoly (Styrene/Butyl Acrylate)-Cloisite 30B Nanocomposites

Document Type: Research Paper

Author

Iran Polymer & Petrochemical Institute, P. O. Box. 14965/115, Tehran, Iran

10.7508/jns.2013.01.011

Abstract

Higher solid contents (20 % and 40 %) nanocomposites of poly (styrene-co-butyl acrylate) including higher content of Cloisite 30B (7 wt% and 10 wt %) were prepared via miniemulsion polymerization. Stability of the final latexes proved outstanding combination of polymerization procedure and surfactants. Morphological studies revealed by TEM, SAX and XRD showed three structures of core-shell, armored and individual dispersion of clay layers within the polymer particles. The effect of Cloisite 30B content on the barrier properties presents excellent and wide use of these films for packaging and nanocoatings industries.

Keywords


[1]. G. Diaconu, Production of waterborne polymer/clay nanocomposite, Universidad del Pais Vasco, POLYMAT, Spain, Ph.D. thesis, 2008.

[2]. M. Alexandre, P. Dubois, Mat. Sci. Eng., 28 (1-2) (2000) 1-63.

[3]. A. Blumstein, Bull. Chem. Soc. 1 (1961) 899-904.

[4]. Z. Tong, Water-based suspension of polymer nanocomposite prepared via miniemulsion polymerization, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, Ph.D. thesis, 2007.

[5]. A. Usuki, M. Kawasumi, Y. Kojima, A. Okada, T. Kurauchi, O. Kamigaito, J. Mater. Res. 8(5) (1993) 1174-1178.

[6].  G. Choudalakis, A. D. Gotsis, European Polymer Journal 45 (2009) 967-984.

[7]. K. Yano, A. Usuki, and A. Okada, J. Polym. Sci., Part A, Polym. Sci. Chem. 35 (1997) 2289-2295.

[8]. P. B. Messersmith and E. P.Giannelis, J. Polym. Sci. Part A, Polym. Chem. 33 (7) (1995) 1047-1057.

[9]. M. Antoniettie, K. Landfester, Prog. Polym. Sci., 27(4) (2002) 689-757.

[10]. K. Landfester, Macromol. Rapid. Commun. 22 (2001) 896-936.

[11]. S. K. (Ed.) Ghosh, Functional Coatings by polymer microencapsulation, WILEY-CH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, 2006.

[12]. J. V. Koleske, Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry, Meyers R. A. (Ed.), John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, Chapter 4, 2000.

[13]. A. D. Wilson, J. W. Nicholson, H. J. Prosser, Surface Coatings-1, Elsevier Applied Science, New York, Chapter 1, 1987.

[14]. J. L. Keddie, Emulsion Polymerization Process Course, Polymat, Spain, 2008, 2009.

[15]. E. T. a. van den Dungen, J. Galineau, and P. C. Hartmann, Macromolecular Symposia, 313–314(1) (2012) 128–134.

[16]. A. Bonnefond, M. Paulis, S. A. F. S. Bon, and J. J. R. Leiza, Langmuir, 29(7) (2013) 2397–2405.

[17].  R. Ianchis, L. O. Cinteza, D. Donescu, C. Petcu, M. C. Corobea, R. Somoghi, M. Ghiurea, and C. Spataru, Applied Clay Science 52(1–2) (2011) 96–103.

[18]. N. Greesh, R. Sanderson, and P. Hartmann, Polymer 53(3) (2012) 708–718.

[19]. L. Hatami, V. Haddadi-Asl, H. R. Mamaqani, L. Ahmadian-Alam, M. S. Kalajahi, Polymer Composites 32(6) (2011) 967–975.

[20]. K. Khezri, V. Haddadi-Asl, H. R.  Mamaqani, M. S. Kalajahi, Polymer Engineering 32(2) (2012) 111–119.

[21]. M. Mirzataheri, Acrylic-Based Nanocomposite Barrier Coatings Including Nanoclay Prepared via Miniemulsion Polymerization, ph.d. Thesis, IPPI, Iran 2009.

[22]. N. N. Herrera, S. Persoz, J. L. Putaux, L. David, E. Bourgeat-Lami, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 6(2) (2006) 421-431.

[23]. N. Salahuddin, Polymer Composites, 30(1) (2009) 13-21.

[24]. K. M. (Eds.) Finlayson, Plastic film technology, high barrier plasticfilms for packaging, Vol. 1, Technomic Pub. Company, Lancaster, 1989.

[25]. M. Mirzataheri, A.R. Mahdavian M. Atai, Colloid. Polym. Sci. 287 (2009) 725-732.

[26]. M. Mirzataheri, M. Atai, A.R. Mahdavian, J. Polymer Sci. 118 (2010) 3284-3291.

[27]. M. Mirzataheri, A.R. Mahdavian M. Atai, Polym. Int. 60 (2011) 613-619.