Improving Gas Sensing Properties of Tin Oxide Nanowires Palladium-Coated Using a Low Cost Technique

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Department of Physics, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, 3619995161, Iran

10.7508/jns.2012.04.009

Abstract

Thin films of SnO2 nanowires were successfully prepared by using chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process on quartz substrates. Afterwards, a thin  layer of palladium (Pd) as a catalyst was coated on top of nanowires. For the deposition of Pd, a simple and low cost technique of spray pyrolysis was employed, which caused an intensive enhancement on the sensing response of fabricated sensors. Prepared sensor devices were exposed to liquid petroleum gas (LPG) and vapor of ethanol (C2H5OH). Results indicate that SnO2 nanowires sensors coated with Pd as a catalyst show decreasing in response time (~40s) to 1000ppm of LPG at a relatively low operating temperature (200o C). SnO2 /Pd nanowire devices show gas sensing response time and recovery time as short as 50s and 10s respectively with a high sensitivity value of ~120 for C2H5OH, that is remarkable in comparison with other reports. 

Keywords