Immobilization of a molybdenum complex with tetradentate ligand on mesoporous material MCM-41 as catalyst for epoxidation of olefins

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Faculty of Chemistry, University of Tarbiat Moallem, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Chemistry, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil branch, Ardabil, Iran



Covalent grafting of MCM-41 with 3-chloropropyl trimethoxysilane and subsequent reaction respectively with acacdien and complexation with MoO2(acac)2 afforded MoO2acacdien@MCM-41. X-ray diffraction and nitrogen sorption analyses revealed the preservation of the textural properties of the support as well as accessibility of the channel system despite sequential reduction in surface area, pore volume and pore size. Elemental analyses showed nearly complete complexation of the supported ligands and the presence of 0.24 mmol molybdenum per gram of the catalyst. Epoxidation of cyclooctene, 1-hexene and 1-octene in the presence of MoO2acacdien@MCM-41 with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) were carried out with relatively good conversion in the mild reaction conditions. morphology of product because the organic ligands around yttrium center act like a protecting agent to prevent agglomeration.


[1] R. A. Sheldon, J. K. Kochi, Metal-Catalyzed    Oxidation of Organic Compounds, Academic Press, New York, 1981.

[2] G. W. Parshall, S. D. Itel, Homogeneous Catalysis: The Application and Chemistry of Catalysis by Transition metal complexes, 2nd ed., Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1992.

[3] D. E. de Vos, B. F. Sell, P. A. Jacobs, Adv. Catal. 46(2001)1.

[4] J. S. Rafelt, J. H. Clark, Catal. Today, 57(2000)33.

[5] R. A. Sheldon, I. W. C. E. Arends, H. E. B. Lempers, Catal. Today, 4(1998)387.

[6] J. Muzart, Chem. Rev. 89(1992)113.

[7] K. A. Jorgensen, Chem. Rev. 89(1989)431.

[8] E.M. Mc Garrigle, D. G. Gilheany, Chem. Rev. 105(2005)1563.

[9] M. Masteri-Farahani, F. Farzaneh, M. Ghandi, React. Kinet. Catal. Lett. 95(2008)379.

[10] R. Ballesteros, Y. Perez, M. Fajardo, I. Sierra, I. del  Hierro, Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 116(2008)432.

[11] M. Bagherzadeh , R. Latifi , L. Tahsini , V. Amani , A. Ellern , L. K. Woo, Polyhedron, 28(2009)2517.

[12] P. C. Bakala, E. Briot, L. Salles, J. M. Bregeault, Appl. Catal. A: 300(2006)91.

[13] R. A. Sheldon, J. Mol. Catal. 7(1980) 107.

[14] K. Ambroziak, R. Pelech, E. Milchert, T. Dziembowska, Z. Rozwadowski, J. Mol. Catal. A: 211(2000)9.

[15] M. Masteri-Farahani, F. Farzaneh, M. Ghandi, J. Mol. Catal. A: 192(2003)103.

[16] M. Masteri-Farahani, F. Farzaneh, M. Ghandi, J. Mol. Catal. A: 243(2006)170.

[17] M. Masteri-Farahani, F. Farzaneh, M. Ghandi, J. Mol. Catal. A: 248(2006)53.

[18] M. Masteri-Farahani, F. Farzaneh, M. Ghandi, Catal. Commun. 8(2007)6.

[19] Q. Cai, W.Y.  Lin, F.S.  Xiao, W.Q. Pang, J. Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 32(1999)1.

[20] W. M. Coleman, L. T. Taylor, Inorg.  Chem. 10(1971)2195.

[21] G.J. Chen, J.W. Mc Donald, W.E. Newton, Inorg. Chem. 15(1976)2612.

[22] J. Topich, Inorg. Chem. 20 (1981)3704.

[23] S. J. Gregg, K. S.W. Sing, Adsorption, Surface area and Porosity, Academic Press, London, 1982.