Green Synthesis of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Using Nigella Sativa L. Extract: The Effect on the Height and Number of Branches

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Medicinal Plants, Faculty of Agriculture, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

2 Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran

3 Agriculture and Natural Resources campus, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran

4 Department of Medicinal Plants, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Arak University, Arak, Iran

Abstract

zinc oxide nanoparticles have been synthesized using nigella sativa L. seed extract. Nigella sativa L. is an annual herbaceous plant belonging to the Ranunculaceae family. Concentration of plant extract plays a vital role in the synthesis of nanoparticles zinc oxide. Nanostructures were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM). This experiment was conducted in Arak University in an experiment based on randomized complete block design with four replications. Each replication consisted of one fertilizer levels including 2 per thousand of Zn-nanoparticles in one stages of growth (8 or 12 leaves). During the experiment, the height of plant, number of branches was investigated. This study showed that using spraying had significant differences in the factors like plant height number of branches. Also, using all microelement treatments had significant effects to the level of 1%. In case of using spraying treatments, the best results for number of branches and height were related to 2.perthousand of Zn- nanoparticles and the least were related to control. This formulation can be used for increasing yield, enhancing the products and removing food deficiencies.

Keywords


1. A.M. Abdel-Mohsen, R. Hrdina, L. Burgert, G. Krylova,R.M. Abdel-Rahman, A. Krejcova, et al., Green synthesis ofhyaluronan fibers with silver nanoparticles, Carbohydr. Polym.89 (2012) 411e422, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.03.022.
2. D. Ashok, V. Palanichamy, S. Mohana, Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles usingAlternantheradentataleaf extract at room temperature and their antimicrobial activity, Spectrochim. Acta Part A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.127 (2014) 168e171,http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2014.02.058.
3. T.S. Dhas, V.G. Kumar, V. Karthick, K.J. Angel, K. Govindaraju, Facile synthesis of silver chloride nano-particles using marine alga and its antibacterial efficacy, Spectrochim. Acta Part A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.120 (2014) 416e420,http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2013.10.044.
4. O.A. El-gammal, Synthesis, characterization, molecular modeling and antimicrobial activity of complexes, Spec-trochim. Acta Part A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.75 (2010) 533e542,http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2009.11.007.
5. S. Kaviya, J. Santhanalakshmi, B. Viswanathan, J. Muthumary, K. Srinivasan, Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using citrus sinensis peel extract and its antibacterial activity, Spectrochim. Acta Part A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc.79 (2011) 594e598, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2011.03.040.
6. P.H ,Davis. NigellaL. In: Davis, P.H. (ed.). The Flora of Turkey and East AegeanIslands, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh., 1965- Vol. 1 pp: 98–105
7. O.A,Badary. Thymoquinone attenuates ifosfamide-induced Fanconi syndrome in rats and enhances its antitumor activity in mice. J. Ethnopharmacol. 1999, 67: 135-142.
8. Y.Bruk. and L. Berga. Agricultural commodities with potential of high economic values. Medicinal Plants, 1995, pp: 54.
9. A.Y.Leung. and S. Foster. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients used in Foods, Drugs and Cosmetics. 2nd Edn., John Willy and Sons, New York, ISBN-13: 9780471508267, 1996, pp: 649.
10. L Massey. Magnesium therapy for nephrolithiasis.Magnes Res 2005; 18: 123-126.
11. H.Samsamshariat, Qualitaive and quantitative evaluation of the active coxstiuents and control methods for medicinal plants Mani press, first ed. 1992, 20-23(Persian).
12. Al-Jassir MS. Chemical composition and microflora of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) seeds growing in Saudi Arabia. Food Chem. 1992;45:239–242.
13. Atta-Ur-Rahman Nigellidine-a new indazole alkaloid from the seed of Nigella sativa. Tetrahedron Lett. 1995;36(12):1993–1994.
14. B.Nickavar, F.Mojab, K.Javidnia, MA.Amoli. Chemical composition of the fixed and volatile oils of Nigella sativa L. from Iran. Z Naturforsch C. 2003;58(9–10):629–631. [PubMed]
15. S.Cheikh-Rouhou, S.Besbes, G.Lognay, C.Blecker, C.Deroanne, H.Attia. Sterol composition of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) and Aleppo pine (Pinushalpensis Mill.) seed oils. J Food Comp Anal. 2008;21(2):162–168.
16. Hassanpour M, Safardoust-Hojaghan H, Salavati-Niasari M. Degradation of methylene blue and Rhodamine B as water pollutants via green synthesized Co3O4/ZnO nanocomposite. Journal of Molecular Liquids. 2017;229(Supplement C):293-299.
17. Gholamrezaei S, Salavati-Niasari M, Ghanbari D. Synthesis and application of lead telluride nanoparticles for degrediation of organic pollution. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 2014;20(6):4000-4007.
18. Teymourinia H, Salavati-Niasari M, Amiri O, Safardoust-Hojaghan H. Synthesis of graphene quantum dots from corn powder and their application in reduce charge recombination and increase free charge carriers. Journal of Molecular Liquids. 2017; 242: 447-455.
19. Ghanbari D, Salavati-Niasari M. Synthesis of urchin-like CdS-Fe3O4 nanocomposite and its application in flame retardancy of magnetic cellulose acetate. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. 2015;24:284-292.
20. Esmaeili-Bafghi-Karimabad A, Ghanbari D, Salavati-Niasari M, Nejati-Moghadam L, Gholamrezaei S. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron., 2015; 26: 6970-6978
21. Hassanpour M, Safardoust-Hojaghan H, Salavati-Niasari M, Yeganeh-Faal A. Nano-sized CuO/ZnO hollow spheres: synthesis, characterization and photocatalytic performance. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 2017;28(19):14678-84.