2Physics department, Faculty of Science, Arak University, Arak 38156, Iran
Dye sensitized solar cell was fabricated from a double layer photoanode. First, TiO2 nanoparticles were synthesized by hydrothermal method. These TiO2 NPs were deposited on FTO glasses by electrophoretic deposition method in applied voltage of 5 V and EPD time of 2.5-10 min. Then TiO2 hollow spheres (HSs) were synthesized by sacrificed template method with Carbon Spheres as template and TTIP as precursor. Then these template scarified and the hollow structures found. Since the HSs paste was prepared as same method of prepared TiO2 nano particles and this paste was deposited on last layer by Dr. Blade method. The prepared photoanodes was soaped in N-719 dye after sintering in 500 ÚC. The dye sensitized solar cells were fabricated with the finalized double layer photoanodes. The best photovoltaic characteristics of the optimized cell were 734 mV, 13.16 mA/cm2, 62% and 5.96% for Voc, Jsc, F.F. and efficiency respectively.